4 Non-Invasive Solutions for Bunion Pain
A bunion is a bony bump that juts out at the base of the big toe as a result of misaligned bones within the foot and toes. They are common in adults, but they can also develop in adolescents. In fact, recent studies indicate that between one-quarter to one-third of American adults have bunion deformities.
The main causes of bunions include uneven weight-bearing, foot injuries, rheumatoid arthritis, polio, but the condition can also be inherited. Some of the typical symptoms of bunions include numbness, redness, soreness, the presence of corns, swelling and movement restriction. There are numerous treatment for bunions, both surgical and non-surgical. And while surgery can be an effective solution for bunions, other non-invasive treatment options can help remove the bony bumps and alleviate bunion pain with much ease.
As earlier mentioned, one of the causes of bunions is hereditary, meaning that most people with bunions genetically have flat feet. Having flat feet in itself is not a problem for some, but for others, it poses a great risk of developing foot conditions such as bunions. Others will find it difficult to walk because of hurting feet. Some types of shoes particularly those with narrow pointy toes are known to trigger bunions. High heels are also a trigger as they tend to force the toes into the front of shoes. That’s why women are ten times more likely to develop bunions than men.
To manage bunion pain, consider wearing shoes with enough toe room to accommodate the bunion and spacious enough to wiggle your toes. Go for shoes with low heels and those with square or round toe box shape. If you don’t want sacrifice style for functionality, at least go for shoes with relatively wide heels that offer more stability. Also, be sure the shoes are made of soft leather rather than synthetic leather to eliminate moisture build-up.
2.Protective Pads and Orthotics
Another reason why you need shoes with enough space inside is for installing cushioning the bunion with a protective pad. A moleskin pad, for example, will help manage bunion pain by providing a cushion that reduces friction on the bunion. Avoid using acidic cured medicated pads which that can inflict more harm on the bunion by eating away at the skin.
Shoe inserts are yet another alternative to correct the mechanics that trigger bunion development. It helps to stabilize the big toe by limiting abnormal pronation which not only reduces foot pain but also hinders bunions from growing further. For serious bunions, request custom-made inserts that fit your condition.
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen and ibuprofen can help manage bunion pain. For severe bunions, injection works best to reduce swelling and treat discomfort. However, medication is only a temporary solution to treating bunions and therefore, you need to consult your doctor for more long-lasting treatment.
Although foot exercise is not a solution to treat bunions, it goes a long way to strengthening the toe and foot structure. This helps to relieve pain and make the toe more functional. You can easily conduct this exercise at the comfort of your home by simply stretching out your toes and curling them for few seconds.
These are some of the non-invasive bunion treatment. However, depending on whether your deformity is mild or severe, your doctor may recommend surgery. If that’s the case, you’ll go through bunion surgery painful procedure and the recovery time after bunion surgery can take about six to eight weeks.